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APA 6 referencing style: Introduction

A guide to using the APA 6th edition referencing system for in-text citations and reference lists.

APA Referencing

This guide provides only a brief introduction to referencing in the APA style.  Please refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, for more information.

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. 6th ed.  
Call Number: Print: EDFAA & BJM
Reference 808.06615 2010 PUB

                                       APA Style Guide to Electronic References
        Call Number: Online

If using EndNote there are multiple versions of the APA style available, select APA 6th

In Mendeley, select APA 6.

APA Referencing Style Examples

This guide divides references into different formats for ease of use. Hover your cursor over the APA Formats tab above to select the format you want, or select from the links below.  

Rules for naming authors, in-text and the reference list, are given mainly under Books & eBooks but they apply to all reference types.     In most examples of in-text citations with multiple authors only the first iteration of the citation is given.

APA All Examples (pdf)

Multiple references in the same parentheses

When entering more than one in-text citation within the same parentheses enter them in the same order as in the reference list. 

(Anderson & Reid, 2009; Howitt & Cramer, 2008)

Reference List

Anderson, M., & Reid, C. (2009). Don't forget about levels of explanation. Cortex, 45(4), 560-561.

Howitt, D., & Cramer, D. (2008). Introduction to research methods in psychology (2nd ed.). Harlow, England: FT Prentice Hall.

Citing a reference someone else has cited

If you need to refer to a work that has been cited in a paper you have read but which you have not read yourself then the cited work is only referred to as part of the in-text citation.  The reference list entry is for the paper you have read.


O'Reilly (as cited in Byrne, 2008) argues that...

Reference List

Byrne, A. (2008). Web 2.0 strategies in libraries and information services. The Australian Library Journal, 57(4), 365-376.