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Referencing style - Chicago: Web Sources, Blogs and Social Media

A guide to using the Chicago citation referencing style for footnotes and reference lists.

Web Sources, Blogs and Social Media

 If a book is available in more than one format (i.e. print, ebook), cite the version you consulted.

Material type In-Text (Parenthetical text) Citation Reference List
Elements of a Webpage citation:  (Author date)

Author. Date. "Title of webpage." Title of website. Last modified Month day, year. URL. 

The inclusion of website titles is not always necessary, but it can be helpful when the website is extensive and broken up into multiple distinct areas. 


(Google 2019)

* For a source that does not list a date of publication or revision, use n.d. (for “no date”) in place of the year and include an access date.

Google. 2019.  “Privacy Policy.” Privacy & Terms. Last modified October 15, 2019.

Webpage: No Author or date (Royal British Association of Architects, n.d.) Royal British Association of Architects. n.d. "History of the Library and collections." Accessed April 4, 2013. DrawingsAndPhotographs/RIBALibrary/History.aspx.

(Winikoff 2013)

Winikoff, Tamara. 2013. "Visual artists' fees: what is the status of artists in Australia?" The NAVA Blog. November 9, 2013.

* Add the word blog in brackets after the name of the blog (unless the word blog is part of the name). See Chapter 15 Section 51 in the Chicago Manual of Style.

Facebook post (Díaz 2016) Díaz, Junot. 2016. “Always surprises my students when I tell them that the ‘real’ medieval was more diverse than the fake ones most of us consume,” Facebook, February 24, 2016.
Twitter post ('tweet') (O’Brien  2015) O'Brien, Conan (@ConanOBrien). 2015. “In honor of Earth Day, I’m recycling my tweets,” Twitter, April 22, 2015, 11:10 a.m.



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