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Referencing style - Chicago: Books and Ebooks

A guide to using the Chicago citation referencing style for footnotes and reference lists.

Books and Ebooks

If a book is available in more than one format (i.e. print, eBook), cite the version you consulted. If using an eBook, the DOI or URL must be included in the bibliographic entry. 

Material type In-Text (Parenthetical text) Citation Reference List
Book: Single Author (Read 2002, 65) Read, Richard. 2002. Art and its Discontents: The Early Life of Adrian Stokes. Aldershot, England: Ashgate.
Book: Two or three authors

(Goldswain, Lewi, and Williamson 2001, 83)

*Authors are listed in the same order used on the title page for both the in-text and Reference List.

Goldswain, Philip D., Hannah Lewi, and Emma Williamson. 2001. Visualising the Architecture of Federation. Perth, WA: Curtin University of Technology and The National Council for the Centenary of Federation.

* In the bibliography only the first author's name is inverted and a comma must appear before and after the first author's given name or initial.

Book: Four or more authors

(Vernon et al. 2004, 32)

*In the note, list only the first author, followed by et al. ("and others")

Vernon, C., S. MacKenzie, I. Wood-Bradley, and D. Headon. 2004. The Griffin Legacy: Canberra, the Nation's Capital in the 21st Century. Canberra, ACT: National Capital Authority.

*Up to ten authors, list all the authors in the bibliography. If more than ten, list the first seven authors followed by 'et al.'.

Book: Two authors (eds) or more with same family name (Kendris and Kendris 2010, 14) Kendris, Christopher, and Theodore Kendris, eds. 2010. 501 Spanish Verbs, 7th ed. Hauppauge, NY: Barron’s Educational Series.
Book: multi-volume works

(Byrne 1981, 4:243)

*The volume cited and page number are separated by a colon. In the short form the volume number does not need to be repeated.

For more examples go to the Chicago Manual of Style, Chapter 14, Sections 116 to 122.

Byrne, Muriel St. Clare, ed. 1981. The Lisle Letters. 6 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Book: No author

(Stanze 1547)

See Chicago Manual of Style, Chapter 15 Section 39.

Stanze in Lode della Donna Brutta. 1547. Florence.
Book: Editor, translator or compiler (Goldswain and Taylor 2010, 10) Goldswain, Philip D and William Taylor, eds. 2010. An Everyday Transience: The Urban Imaginary of Goldfields Photographer John Joseph Dwyer. Perth, WA: UWA Publishing.
Book: Editor, translator or compiler in addition to author (Rasch 1967, 20) Rasch, Heinz. 1967. Some Roots of Modern Architecture. Translated and edited by George Jelinek and Joan Jelinek. London: Tiranti.
Book: Author's name appears in title (Franklin 1868, 233)

Franklin, Benjamin.1868. Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin.  Edited by John Bigelow. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott.

Book: Corporate or Organisation as author (Gehl Architects 1994, 105) Gehl Architects. 1994. Perth 2009: Public Spaces and Public Life. Perth, WA: Department of Planning and Urban Developments.
Book: Government publication (Western Australian Department of Planning and Urban Development 1991, 21) Western Australian Department of Planning and Urban Development. 1991. Metropolitan Centres: Policy Statement for the Perth Metropolitan Region. Perth, W.A.: Department of Planning and Urban Development.
Book: Chapter (Vernon and Seddon 2006, 32-33) Vernon, Christopher, and George Seddon. 2006. "Hackett and Annear: Laying the Foundations." In A Landscape for Learning: A History of the Grounds of The University of Western Australia, edited by George Seddon and Gillian Lilleyman, 30-35. Perth, W.A.: University of Western Australia Press.
Book: Edition other than first (Beresford and Partingon 2012, 55) Beresford, Quentin, and Gary Partington. 2012. Reform and Resistance in Aboriginal Education: The Australian Experience. Rev. ed. Perth: University of Western Australia Press.
Book: Reprint editions

(Schweitzer [1911] 1966, 53)

More examples about reprint and modern editions: Chicago Manual of Style, Chapter 15, Section 40.

Schweitzer, Albert. (1911) 1966. J. S. Bach. Translated by Ernest Newman. 2 vols. Reprint, New York: Dover.

(Unwin 2009)

*For eBooks consulted online, list a URL; include an access date only if one is required by your discipline. If no fixed page numbers are available, you can include a section title or a chapter or other number.  See example below.

Unwin, Simon. 2009. Analysing Architecture. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis. FullRecord. aspx?p+369114.
Ebook Chapter no page numbers

(Bonds 2014, chap. 3)

Bonds, Mark Evan. 2014. Absolute Music: The History of an Idea. New York: Oxford University Press.



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