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Referencing style - MLA: Multimedia Formats

A guide to using the MLA referencing system for in-text citations and reference lists.

Multimedia formats

Material type In-Text Example Works Cited Example

(It is a Wonderful Life)


It is a Wonderful Life. Directed by Frank Capra, performances by James Stewart, Donna Reed, Lionel Barrymore, and Thomas Mitchell, Republic, 1946.

Lucas, George, director. Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. Twentieth Century Fox, 1977.

(If you are citing the contribution of a particular individual to a film, begin with that person's name.)

Film viewed through an App (E.T. the Extra-Terrestial) E.T. the Extra-Terrestial. Universal Studios, 1982. Netflix app.
Television Programme (The Phantom of Corleone) "The Phantom of Corleone." Sixty Minutes, written by Steve Kroft Narr, CBS, WCBS, New York, 10 Dec. 2006.
Audio Podcast (Black Hole Death Ray)

"Black Hole Death Ray." StarStuff, reported by Stuart Gary, from ABC News Radio, 23 Dec. 2007.

Video Podcast (From Lake to the Halfway Mark...)

"From Lake to the Halfway Mark, Yekaterinburg." Peking to Paris: Episode 3, reported by Warren Brown and Keith Brodie, produced by Peter George, 4 Jun. 2007, ABC Television.

Sound Recording    (Beethoven) Beethoven, Ludwig van. The 9 Symphonies. Performed by NBC Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Arturo Toscani, RCA, 2003.
Digital Files (PDFs, MP3s, JPEGs etc.) (Beethoven) Beethoven, Ludwig van. Moonlight Sonata. Crownstar, 2006. MP3.
Painting / Photograph (Goya) Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV. 1800. Painting, Museo del Prado, Madrid.



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