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Referencing style - MLA: Indirect Sources

A guide to using the MLA referencing system for in-text citations and reference lists.

Indirect Sources

If it is not possible to take information from the original source, put the abbreviation qtd. in (short for quoted in) before the source you are citing from your parenthetical citaiton.  For example:

Quoted in your work

Mauss explained: "These habits ... vary between societies, educations, proprieties and fashions, prestiges" (qtd. in Crossley 19).

Work cited

Crossley, Nick. Connecting Sounds: The Social Life of Music. Manchester University Press, 2020.

(See MLA Handbook, section 6.77.)


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