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Referencing style - APA 7th: Journal and newspaper articles

A guide to using the APA 7th edition referencing system for in-text citations and reference lists.

APA Examples: Journal and newspaper articles

Elements of a journal reference

The way in which authors are formatted for both in-text and end-text references is the same across all formats,  see our Referencing Guidelines for advice on treatment of authors, titles, etc across all formats. 

For examples of how to format single authors, two or three authors see the book format examples and apply the same principles to journal article authors. 

Go to the APA Style Blog for more examples of how to reference periodicals (journals) within the textual format referencing examples

Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List & Notes

Journal article: 3-20 authors (Wilson et al., 2015)

Wilson, R., Groen, R., Yambasu, S., Kamara, T., Kushner, A., Remick, K., & Masuoka, P. (2015). Geographic information systems (GIS) in global public health: A Sierra Leone case study. Annals of Global Health, 81(1), 83.

Journal article: 21 or more authors (Kalnay et al., 1996)

Kalnay, E., Kanamitsu, M., Kistler, R., Collins, W., Deaven, D., Gandin, L., Iredell, M., Saha, S., White, G., Woollen, J., Zhu, Y., Chelliah, M., Ebisuzaki, W., Higgins, W., Janowiak, J., Mo, K. C., Ropelewski, C., Wang, J., Leetmaa, A., ... Joesph, D. (1996). The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 77(3), 437-471.;2

Online article - no doi (Lourens, 2021)

Lourens, R. (2021). Burnout, compassion fatigue and vicarious trauma.  Clinical Investigation, 11(2).

Preprint article (Fife, 2019)

Fife, D. (2019). The eight steps of data analysis: A graphical framework to promote sound statistical analysis. PsyArXiv.

Newspaper article (print or from academic database like Factiva) (Merrill, 2014)

Merrill, L. (2014, November 19). After-hours messages for work can be harmful. Arizona Republic.

Do not include the name of an academic database (eg; Factiva, PressReader)

Newspaper article (online newspaper) (Overbye, 2021)

Overbye, D. (2021, November 23). The Hubble Telescope checks in with the most distant planets. The New York Times.

Use this example for online newspapers with publicly accessible links (ie; article is not inside a database protected by UWA Uni ID login, such as Factiva.)

For articles from news websites (e.g., CNN, HuffPost)—without an associated daily or weekly newspaper—see webpage on a news website on the APA Blog.

In-direct reference from a secondary journal article source (Tight, 2016 cited in Matthews et al., 2020) 

Matthews, A., McLinden, M., & Greenway, C. (2021). Rising to the pedagogical challenges of the fourth industrial age in the university of the future: An integrated model of scholarship. Higher Education Pedagogies, 6(1), 1-21.

Note: You do not require a full citation for Tight (2016) in your end-text reference. 

See Indirect source as format for further clarification. 


Note:  In APA7 your end-text reference list must list surnames and initials for up to the first 20 authors, with an ampersand (&) before the last author. If 21 or more authors, list the first 19, insert an ellipsis [...] and the last author's name, without an ampersand.    Your in-text formatting stays the same for 3 authors or more as per the example above.   See our APA7 Reference Guidelines applicable across all formats.


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