When you reference, it is preferable to cite the original source. However, you may need to show that one source is referred to in another source. You can do this by using various phrases such as "quoting" / "quoted in", "discussing" / "discussed in" and "citing" / "cited in".
The table below includes phrases that can be used, as well as when they can be used:
|Phrase||When to use it|
|quoting||The first source quotes the second source directly - direct quote.|
|quoted in||The first source is quoted directly in the second - direct quote.|
|citing||The first source refers to the second source - but does not quote directly.|
|cited in||The first source is referred to in the second source - but not quoted directly.|
|discussing||The first source discusses the second source.|
|discussed in||The first source is discussed in the second source.|
Here is an example from the Australian Guide to Legal Citation 4:
Peter Handford, 'Through a Glass Door Darkly: Jones v Bartlett in the High Court' (2001) 30 University Law Review, 75, cited in Tina Cockburn, 'Duty of Care of Landlords Residential Premises' (2001), 20(2) University of Tasmania Law Review 206.
Some points to consider when you use this rule:
|The Footnote entry would be...||The Bibliography entry would be|
18 Cunliffe v Commonwealth (1994) 182 CLR 272, quoted in Sarah Joseph and Melissa Castan, Federal Constitutional Law: A Contemporary View (Lawbook, 4th ed, 2014) 319.
|Joseph, Sarah and Melissa Castan, Federal Constitutional Law: A Contemporary View (Lawbook, 4th ed, 2014)|
You can find Rule 1.3 on pages 8 - 9 of the Australian Guide to Legal Citation 4.