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Referencing style - Vancouver (based on Citing Medicine): Book/eBook

A guide to using the Vancouver citation style for in text citations and reference lists.


Note on authors/editors:

Citing Medicine lists all authors/editors in the reference list, however they do state “The following formats are not NLM practice for citing authors, but are acceptable options: If space is a consideration, the number of authors may be limited to a specific number, such as the first three authors or first six authors. Follow the last named author with a comma and “et al.” or “and others”. Check with your Unit Coordinator for more information.


Material Type

     Reference List Example (based on Citing Medicine 2nd edition)

EndNote (Citing Medicine)

The following  instructions are based on using the Citing Medicine 2 (UWA) style with EndNote 20 and 21.

Book [print]

Johnson C, Anderson S, Dallimore J, Winser S, Warrell D, Imray C, Moore J. Oxford handbook of expedition and wilderness medicine. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2015. 852 p.

Reference Type: Book

Author - if more than one author, enter each on a separate line. (See note above re number of authors listed).

Number of Pages - enter total number of pages of book.

Edited book


Swiss Pharmaceutical Society, editor. Index nominum: international drug directory. 18th ed. Stuttgart (Germany): Medpharm Scientific Publications; 2004. 1823 p.


Reference Type: Edited book

Editor - if more than one editor, enter each on a separate line.  (See note above re number of editors listed).


Griffiths A, Gelbart W, Miller J, Lewontin R. Modern genetic analysis [Internet]. New York (NY): W. H. Freeman; 1999 [cited 2019 Sep 5]. 675 p. Available from: 
Kasper DL, Braunwald E, Fauci AS, et al., editors. Harrison's online [Internet]. 16th ed. Columbus (OH): McGraw-Hill Companies; c2006 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. Available from:

Reference Type: Electronic Book

Author - if more than one author/editor, enter each on a separate line. (example 2: for optional limit to author/editors add et al. and add editors, in author field}

Year - if year of publication is not indicated, use year of last update or revision.

Number of Pages - add the p. eg. 675 p.

Type of Medium - Internet.

Year Cited - 2019 

Date Cited-Sep 5

  URL – copy and paste 

More examples


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