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Vancouver reference style (based on Citing Medicine): Book contribution (chapter/section/part)

A guide to using the Vancouver citation style for in text citations and reference lists.

Book Contribution (chapter/section/part)

When referencing an edited book, each chapter that you use must be referenced separately (do not reference the whole book). This is because each chapter of the book will have different authors. If you have used more than one chapter from an edited book you must reference them individually.

"Contributions are found when a book has an overall editor or editors and the individual chapters or other components of the book are written by various authors, usually called contributors. One or all of the editors may also be contributing authors. Because a reference should start with the individual or organization responsible for the intellectual content of the publication, begin a reference to a contribution with the author and title of the contribution, followed by the word "In:" and information about the entire book."1

1. Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 [updated 2009 Jan 14; cited 2009 Apr 5]. Available from:


Note on authors/editors:

Citing Medicine lists all authors/editors in the reference list, however they do state “The following formats are not NLM practice for citing authors, but are acceptable options: If space is a consideration, the number of authors may be limited to a specific number, such as the first three authors or first six authors. Follow the last named author with a comma and “et al.” or “and others”. Check with your Unit Coordinator for more information.

Contribution to Edited Book

Material Type Reference List Example (based on Citing Medicine 2nd edition)

EndNote (Citing Medicine)

The following  instructions are based on using the Citing Medicine style with EndNote 20 


Chapter in Edited Book [print]


Rojko JL, Hardy WD. Feline leukemia virus and other retroviruses. In: Sherding RG, editor. The cat: diseases and clinical management. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1989. p. 229-332.

Reference Type: Book Section

Author - add the author(s) of the chapter, section, etc.

Title – add the title of the chapter, section, etc.

Editor – add the editor(s) of the whole book.

Book Title - add the title of the whole book.

Pages - add pagination of the chapter, section, etc.


Chapter in Edited Book [ebook]


Meechan J, Jackson G. Local anaesthesia for children. In: Welbury R, Duggal M, Hosey M, editors. Paediatric dentistry [Internet]. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2018 [cited 2019 Jan 4]. p. 84-95. Available from:


Reference Type: Electronic Book Section

Author - add the author(s) of the chapter, section, etc.

Title – add the title of the chapter, section, etc.

Editor – add the editor(s) of the whole book

Book Title - add the title of the whole book and inlcude [Internet]. eg. Paediatric dentistry [Internet]

Pages - add pagination of the chapter, section, etc and include the p. eg. p. 84-95

URL – copy and paste 

Access date - add date of access and include 'cited'. eg. cited 2019 Jan 4


More examples

For more book contribution examples see Citing Medicine Ch. 2 Books

For more ebook contribution examples see Citing Medicine Ch. 22 Books and Other Individual Titles on the Internet

Indirect citation /citing something someone else has cited

Indirect citation is when the ideas of one author are published in another author’s text, but you have not read or accessed the original author’s work.

In the reference list, provide the details of the author of the work in which you found the quotation or idea - the actual source you looked at.

Make it clear in the text of your document that you are quoting a secondary source. If possible, always try and find the original work.


The AMA Manual section 3.13.10 states:

Reference may be made to one author’s citation of, or quotation from, another’s work. Distinguish between citation (work mentioned) and quotation (words actually quoted). In the text, the name of the original author, rather than the secondary source, should be mentioned. (See also 3.11.12, References to Print Journals, Discussants.) As with citation of an abstract of an article rather than citation of the original document (see 3.11.9, References to Print Journals, Abstracts and Other Material Taken From Another Source), citation of the original document is preferred unless it is not readily available. Only items consulted should be listed.


The forms for listed references are as follows:


1. Cauley JA, Lui L-Y, Ensrud KE, et al. Osteoporosis and fracture risk in women of different ethnic groups. JAMA. 2005;293(17):2102-2108. Cited by: Acheson LS. Bone density and the risk of fractures: should treatment thresholds vary by race [editorial]? JAMA. 2005;293(17):2151-2154.

2. Kato S, Sherman PM. What is new related to Helicobacter pylori infection in children and teenagers? Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005;159(5):415-421. Quoted by: Prazar G. How many pediatricians does it take to change a practice? or how to incorporate change into practice [editorial]. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005;159(5):500-502.


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