This guide divides references into different formats for ease of use. Hover your cursor over the Reference formats tab above to select the format you want, or select from the links below.
The overarching principle in referencing or citing is readers should be able to follow your sources if they are interested in finding out more about a topic. You should acknowledge other authors whose ideas or information you have used.
The Vancouver Style is based on a style adapted by the National Library of Medicine (NLM). The two publications shown below have been used to construct all citation examples in this guide.