The Open Knowledge Foundation's definition describes the 'openness' of data in the following statement:
"A piece of content or data is open if you are free to use, reuse, and redistribute it - subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and share-alike."
Firstly, look on the publisher's website for their terms and conditions for data usage. For information on open knowledge licenses which may be applied to data see the Open Knowledge Foundation's page on licenses. If it isn't clear, it will be necessary to contact the publisher of the data.
See the Research Data Management Toolkit for further guidance on using 3rd party research data.
See the Research Data Management Toolkit for further guidance on sharing your research data.
You can use the following Open Data directories to find data repositories in your area of research.
Here are a small selection of Open Data repositories across various research areas. Browse the Open Data directories for data in your research area.
On May 22, 2012 at the University of North Texas (UNT), a group of technologists, librarians, scholars, researchers, university administrators, and other stakeholders gathered to discuss and articulate best practices and emerging trends in research data management. This declaration bridges the converging interests of these stakeholders and promotes collaboration, transparency, and accountability across organizational and disciplinary boundaries. Declarations that emerged included the following:
For more information on the Denton Declaration, please click here.
Opening up access to government data is a growing area globally. See this video by the Open Knowledge International (formerly Open Knowledge Foundation), which explains the reasons for, and benefits of opening access to government data.
Arguments in support of open access to data tend to focus on the following benefits for researchers:
Distribution control and recognition
Control and recognition for your research
Data preservation and archiving
Dryad is an international repository of data underlying peer-reviewed articles in the basic and applied biosciences. See some recent posts from their blog here: