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IEEE referencing style: IEEE Examples

IEEE All Examples

Below are examples for a few common reference types. Need more?  Consult the full IEEE Reference Guide.


References by Format

Which information format do you need to reference? Choose from the examples below.

Note: The goal of referencing is to include enough information, so readers can find your sources if they are interested in finding out more. (And, of course, to acknowledge other authors whose ideas or information you have used.)

Type of reference



Any format: more than six authors G. R. Author et al., ... List all authors, separated by commas, up to six names. If there are more than six authors, use the first author's name followed by et al.
T. Liu et al., "Biomimetic fabrication of new bioceramics-introduced fibrous scaffolds: From physicochemical characteristics to in vitro biological properties," Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 94, pp. 547-557, Jan 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.msec.2018.09.063. If there are between 2 and 6 authors, the last author's name is preceded by "and" (see the Report example below)
Journal article J. K. Author, “Name of paper,” Abbrev. Title of Periodical, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx-xxx, Abbrev. Month, year, doi: xxx.

See the full IEEE Referencing Guide, section J, Periodicals, for further examples.

M. M. Chiampi and L. L. Zilberti, “Induction of electric field in human bodies moving near MRI: An efficient BEM computational procedure,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., vol. 58, pp. 2787–2793, Oct. 2011, doi: 10.1109/TBME.2011.2158315. 

See the full IEEE Referencing Guide for how to abbreviate titles.

When using EndNote you will need to make some minor edits so the journal article reference fits the IEEE style. See the IEEE EndNote page of this guide.


Title of Standard, Standard number, date. [Online]. Available:

Title of Standard, Standard number, Corporate author, location, date. 

The full IEEE Referencing Guide has further examples.

Frequency Response and Bias, NERC Reliability Standard BAL-003-0.1b, May 2009. [Online]. Available:

Parameter Values for Ultra-High Definition Television Systems for Switzerland, Production and International Programme Exchange, Rec. ITU-R BT.2020-2, International Telecommunications Union, Geneva, Switzerland, Oct. 2015. 

If using EndNote, enter the standard number into the Document Number section.
Conference paper

J. K. Author, “Title of paper,” in Abbreviated Name of Conf., (location of conference is optional), (Month and day(s) if provided) year, pp. xxx-xxx.

J. K. Author, “Title of paper,” in Abbreviated Name of Conf., (location of conference is optional), year, pp. xxx– xxx, doi: xxx.

The full IEEE Referencing Guide has further examples.

A. Amador-Perez and R. A. Rodriguez-Solis, “Analysis of a CPW-fed annular slot ring antenna using DOE,” in Proc. IEEE Antennas Propag. Soc. Int. Symp., Jul. 2006, pp. 4301–4304.

G. Veruggio, “The EURON roboethics roadmap,” in Proc. Humanoids ’06: 6th IEEE-RAS Int. Conf. Humanoid Robots, 2006, pp. 612–617, doi: 10.1109/ICHR.2006.321337.


J. K. Author, “Title of chapter in the book,” in Title of Published Book, xth ed. City of Publisher, (only U.S. State), Country: Abbrev. of Publisher, year, ch. x, sec. x, pp. xxx–xxx. 

J. K. Author, “Title of chapter in the book,” in Title of Published Book, xth ed. City of Publisher, State, Country: Abbrev. of Publisher, year, ch. x, sec. x, pp. xxx–xxx. [Online]. Available: 

The full IEEE Referencing Guide has further examples, eg; edited books and translated books.

P. B. Kurland and R. Lerner, Eds., The Founders’ Constitution. Chicago, IL, USA: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1987. Accessed: Feb. 28, 2010 [Online]. Available:

L. Stein, “Random patterns,” in Computers and You, J. S. Brake, Ed. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1994, pp. 55–70. 

G. O. Young, “Synthetic structure of industrial plastics,” in Plastics, vol. 3, Polymers of Hexadromicon, J. Peters, Ed., 2nd ed. New York, NY, USA: McGraw-Hill, 1964, pp. 15–64. [Online]. Available: 

Webpages First Name Initial(s). Last Name. “Page Title.” Website Title. Web Address (accessed Date Accessed). For websites without formal titles, use descriptive phrases in your citation in place of page or website titles.
J. Smith. “Obama inaugurated as President.” (accessed Feb. 1, 2009).  

J. K. Author, “Title of report,” Abbrev. Name of Co., City of Co., Abbrev. State, Country, Rep. xxx, year.

J. K. Author, “Title of report,” Company, City, State, Country, Rep. no., (optional: vol./issue), Date. Accessed: Date. [Online]. Available: site/path/file


E. E. Reber, R. L. Michell, and C. J. Carter, “Oxygen absorption in the earth’s atmosphere,” Aerospace Corp., Los Angeles, CA, USA,Tech. Rep. TR-0200 (4230-46)-3, Nov. 1988.

Bureau of Meteorology, “Bureau of Meteorology: Measuring Rainfall in Australia,” 2009. Accessed: Mar 19, 2019. [Online]. Available: 

Citing Secondary Sources The IEEE style does not allow for the use of secondary sources. Locate the original source of information which is cited in a work which you have read. If the original source cannot be located, it should not be cited in your own work.  


For additional detailed information about the style consult:

IEEE Editorial Style Manual for Authors

Preparation of Papers for IEEE TRANSACTIONS and JOURNALS


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