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Referencing style - Vancouver (based on Citing Medicine): Generative Artificial Intelligence (AI)

A guide to using the Vancouver citation style for in text citations and reference lists.

Generative Artificial Intelligence (AI)

You will need to confirm with your Unit Coordinator whether you are permitted to use Generative Artificial Intelligence (AI) such as ChatGPT in your assessments. If it is used ALL the content that is generated must be referenced. For more information see the guide: Using AI Tools at UWA 

At present, there are no specific guidelines for referencing AI tools using the NLM Citing Medicine Referencing Style.

For this style we recommend referencing content that is generated from an AI tool as software.


Material Type

Reference List Example (based on Citing Medicine 2nd edition)

EndNote (Citing Medicine) Instructions

Based on using the Citing Medicine 2  (UWA) style with EndNote 20 and 21


(e.g. ChatGPT)

1. OpenAI. ChatGPT [Computer Software] 2023 [Cited 2023 Feb 15]. Available from:


Acknowledge and describe your use of the generative AI within your work by using the following recommended intext conventions: 

As generated by the generative AI program(ChatGPT, 2023)

According to ChatGPT (2023) there is a strong correlation between diabetes and obesity...


If using EndNote select:

Reference Type: Online Database
Author: OpenAI
Year: 2023
Title: ChatGPT [Computer Software]
Date Accessed: Type in "Cited 2023 Feb 15"

Please note: The information in this guide is subject to change as guidance on referencing AI tools continues to evolve.

This Generative AI referencing sample has been adapted from Citing Medicine: the NLM Style Guide using the examples for citing Computer Programs, Databases, and Datasets. 



 Except for logos, Canva designs or where otherwise indicated, content in this guide is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence.