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Referencing style - APA 7th: Reports, theses and grey literature

A guide to using the APA 7th edition referencing system for in-text citations and reference lists.

APA examples: Reports, theses and grey literature



See our APA7 Style Guidelines for advice on treatment of single to multiple authors, dates, page numbers and sources within your in-text and end-text references.  

See The APA Style Blog for more report and gray literature examples in the textual format referencing examples for more examples. 

Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List & Notes


(University of Western Australia, 2021).

University of Western Australia. (2021). UWA annual report 2020

Government reports

(Australian human Rights Commission, 2021).

Australian Human Rights Commission. (2021). Human rights and technology

Government reports with individual authors (Marston, 1984)

Marston, R.J. (1984). Nickel mineralization in Western Australia (Mineral Resources Bulletin 14). Government of Western Australia, Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety, Geological Survey of Western Australia.

White paper with a group author (Commonwealth of Australia, 2015)

Commonwealth of Australia. (2015). Agricultural competitiveness white paper [White paper].

Published thesis or dissertation (Quinlivan, 2021)

Quinlivan, T. (2021). Australian professional standards for teachers: Perspectives of Western Australian primary school teachers [Doctoral dissertation, The University of Western Australia]. UWA Profiles and Research Repository.

Unpublished thesis or dissertation (Marion, 2021)

Marion, L. (2021). An exploration of LGTBQA+ young people's coping strategies when navigating suicidality [Unpublished honours thesis]. Curtin University.


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