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APA citation style: Standards and Patents

A guide to using the APA 6th edition referencing system for in-text citations and reference lists.

APA examples: Standards and patents

Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List & Notes

Standard: Print

(Standards Australia/New Zealand Standard, 1994)

Standards Australia. (1994). Information Processing - Text and office systems - Office Document Architecture (ODA) and Interchange format: Part 10: Formal Specifications (AS/NZS 3951.10:1994). Homebush, NSW: Standards Australia.

Standard online: Electronic database

(Standards Australia, 2008)

Standards Australia. (2008). Personal flotation devices – General requirements (AS 4758.1-2008). Retrieved from Standards Online.


(U.S. Patent No. 5,641,424.7, 1996)

Hornak, P. (1996). Resonator for magnetic resonance imaging of the ankle. U.S. Patent No. 5,641,424.7.

Patent online:
Electronic database

(Australian Patent No. AU 2008100919, 2008)

Clark, J. M. & McCallum, J. M. (2008). Method for and composition of excipient suitable for use in herbal formulations and formulations derived therefrom. Australian Patent AU 2008100919. Retrieved from SciFinder.