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APA citation style: Journal Articles

A guide to using the APA 6th edition referencing system for in-text citations and reference lists.

APA Examples: Journal Articles


Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List & Notes

Journal article in print:
8 or more authors

(Sohrabi et al., 2011)

Sohrabi, H. R., Weinborn, M., Badcock, J., Bates, K. A., Clarnette, R., Trivedi, D., … Martins, R. N. (2011). New lexicon and criteria for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. Lancet Neurology, 10(4), 299-300.

Complete author list: Sohrabi, H. R., Weinborn, M., Badcock, J. Bates, K. A., Clarnette, R., Trivedi, D.,Verdile, G., Sutton, T., Lenzo, N. P., Gandy, S. E., Martins, R. N.

Journal article online:
With direct quotation or paraphrase

(Gagné et al., 2015, p. 185)


Gagné et al. (2015) reported that “Results showed that the MWMS had an invariant configuration in the three languages” (p. 185), ...

Multiple page numbers in sequence:

(Gagné et al., 2015, pp. 185-187)

Multiple page numbers not in sequence should be separated by a comma and/or ampersand:

(Gagné et al., 2015, pp. 185, 187 & 194)

Gagné, M., Forest, J., Vansteenkiste, M., Crevier-Braud, L., van den Broeck, A., Aspeli, A. K., . . . Westbye, C. (2015). The Multidimensional Work Motivation Scale: Validation evidence in seven languages and nine countries. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24(2), 178-196.

When paraphrasing text include page number/s in the in-text citation but do not use quotation marks. There is a right and a wrong way to paraphrase. - see the Study Smarter guide at

Journal article online: Digital Object Identifier supplied

First citation:
(Almeida, Dickinson, Maybery, Badcock, & Badcock, 2010)

Subsequent citations:
(Almeida et al., 2010)

Almeida, R. A., Dickinson, J., Maybery, M. T., Badcock, J. C., & Badcock, D. R. (2010). Visual search performance in the autism spectrum ii: The radial frequency search task with additional segmentation cues. Neuropsychologia, 48(14), 4117-4124.

Journal article online:
No DOI supplied (Pheme authentication required)

(Anderson & Reid, 2009)

Anderson, M., & Reid, C. (2009). Don't forget about levels of explanation. Cortex: A Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior, 45(4), 560-561. Retrieved from ScienceDirect.

Journal article online:
No DOI supplied (freely available on the Web)

(Thomas & Bosch, 2005)

Thomas, K., & Bosch, B. (2005). An exploration of the impact of chronic fatigue syndrome and implications for psychological service provision. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 1(1), 23-40. Retrieved from

Journal article online:  CMO electronic database

(Best & Queen, 1989)

Best, C. T., & Queen, H. F. (1989). Baby it's in your smile: Right hemiface bias in infant emotional expressions.  Developmental Psychology, 25(2), 264-276. Retrieved from University of Western Australia Course Materials Online.

[Note: This format only applies to articles actually housed in CMO.  If the full text is in an external database other rules in this section need to be applied e.g. the CMO article has a DOI or the link opens in an external database such as Education Full Text.]

Journal article online:
Advance publication

(Goodhew, Edwards, Boal, & Bell, 2014) 

Goodhew, S. C., Edwards, M., Boal, H. L., & Bell, J. (2014). Two objects or one? Similarity rather than complexity determines objecthood when resolving dynamic input. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance. Advance online publication.

Journal article online:
In preprint archive

(Martínez, in press)

Martínez, M. (in press). Imperative content and the painfulness of pain. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences. Retrieved from

Journal article submitted for publication

Delgado, Suriyagoda, Zúñiga-Feest, Borie, & Lambers,  2014)

Delgado, M., Suriyagoda, L., Zúñiga-Feest, A., Borie, F., & Lambers, H. (2014). Divergent functioning of Proteaceae species: The South American Embothrium coccineum displays a combination of adaptive traits to survive in high-phosphorus soils. Manuscript submitted for publication.