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APA citation style: Music Resources

A guide to using the APA 6th edition referencing system for in-text citations and reference lists.

APA examples: Music resources

Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List & Notes

Liner notes from a sound recording

(Hogwood, 1993)

Hogwood, C. (1993). [Liner notes]. On My Ladye Nevells booke [CD]. London, England: I'Oiseau-Lyre.

Sound recording: CD

(Mahler, 1984)

Mahler, G. (1984). Symphony no. 1 in D Major [Recorded by Chicago Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Sir Georg Solti; CD]. London: Decca.

Track from a sound recording

(Vine, 1996, track 1)

In text citations include side and band or track numbers

Vine, C. (1996). 5 bagatelles [Recorded by I. Munro; CD]. On Mere bagatelles. Australia: Tall Poppies.

Track from a sound recording: Online

(Vine, 5 bagatelles, 1996)

Vine, C. (1996). 5 bagatelles [Recorded by I. Munro; CD]. On Mere bagatelles. Australia: Tall Poppies. Retrieved from Naxos Music Library.

Music score: Print

(Stravinsky, 1975)

Stravinsky, I. (1975). Rite of spring [Musical score]. London: Hansen House.

Music score: Online

(Stravinsky, 1975)

Stravinsky, I. (1975). Rite of spring [Musical score]. London: Hansen House. Retrieved from Classical Scores Library.

Music score in set of complete works

(Verdi, 1983)

Verdi, G. (1983). Rigoletto: Melodrama in three acts. In P. Gossett (Series Ed.) & M. Chusid (Vol. Ed.), The works of Giuseppe Verdi: Series 1, Operas (Vol. 17) [Musical Score]. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Music score in an anthology

(Schumann, 1849/1988)

Schumann, R. (1988). Kennst du das Land [Knowest thou where], Op. 79 [Vocal score]. In C. V. Palisca (Ed.), Norton Anthology of Western Music (2nd ed., pp. 338-342). New York: Norton. (Original work published in 1849)

Libretto

(Sondheim & Lapine, 2008)

Sondheim, S. & Lapine, J. (2008). Into the woods [Libretto]. New York: Theatre Communications Group, Inc.