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APA citation style: Multimedia and Software

A guide to using the APA 6th edition referencing system for in-text citations and reference lists.

APA Examples: Multimedia and software

Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List & Notes

Films or videorecordings and DVDs of films.

(De Heer & Djigrr, 2007)

De Heer, R. (Director), & Djigirr, P. (Co-Director). (2007). Ten canoes [Motion picture]. Australia: The AV Channel.

Television programme

(Crystal, 1993)

Crystal, L. (Executive Producer). (1993, October 11). The MacNeil/Lehrer news hour [Television broadcast]. New York and Washington, DC: Public Broadcasting Service.

Streaming video (Cordell, 2017)

     Cordell, M. (Director). (2017).  Revolution School [Video file].  Retrieved from

Audio podcast

(Zijlstra, 2011)

Zijlstra, M. (Presenter). (2011, May 28). Natural semantic metalanguage [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from

Video podcast

(Kloft, 2006)

Kloft, M. (Producer/Director). (2006). The Nuremberg trials
[Motion picture]. In M. Samuels (Executive Producer), American experience.  Podcast retrieved from WGBH:

YouTube video

(PsycINFO, 2013)

     PsycINFO. (2013, March 5). Sample PsycINFO search on OVIDSP [Video file].  Retrieved from


(Skyscape, 2011)

Skyscape. (2011). Skyscape Medical Resources (Version 1.14.8) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from


(APA Style, 2016)

APA Style [APA_Style]. (2016, November 15).  Research and writing [Twitter moment].  Retrieved from