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British Journal of Pharmacology citation style: Introduction

A guide to using the British Journal of Pharmacology referencing system for in text citations and reference lists at UWA.


The British Journal of Pharmacology (BJP) style is a version of the 'author, date' system. It also uses agreed abbreviated journal titles.

In addition to this guide you can also refer to recently published articles in the British Journal of Pharmacology.


In-text citation:

References to other works should take the form ‘(Connor and Kitchen, 2006)’ or ‘Connor and Kitchen (2006) showed that…’.

The number of author names appearing in the in-text citation depends on the number of authors - see the BJP examples page for details.

When citing multiple references in the same sentence, place all references chronologically in the same pair of brackets, and separate with a semicolon, eg. (Connor and Kitchen, 2006; Zamora et al., 2010).


The reference list:

Arrange alphabetically according to the surname of the first author.

Use sentence case.

All authors should be quoted for papers with up to six authors; for more than six authors, quote the first six followed by ‘et al.’.

When the surnames of first authors are identical, the alphabetical order of the surnames of subsequent authors takes precedence over the year of publication. If more than one paper by the same authors in one year is cited, ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, etc. are placed after the year of publication, both in the text and in the list of references. 

Agreed abbreviations for journal titles must be used and can be searched for from the National Library of Medicine's (US) PubMed website within their NLM catalog: Journals referenced in the NCBI database. Use the NLM Title Abbreviation. If using EndNote you can install the Medicine Journal Terms List.

Use left justified (no indent, no dot point, no number of references) and use an extra space between references.



BJP does not allow references to unpublished data.

Papers in preparation or those that have been submitted but not yet accepted for publication must not be included in the list of references.

Reference to ‘unpublished observations’ or ‘personal communications’ should not be included in the list of references and in general should be avoided.