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Oxford referencing style: All Examples

A guide to using the Oxford note citation referencing style for footnotes and reference lists.

An extensive list of examples

   Below is a list of examples for the sources most commonly used in assignments.

  You may however reference formats different from the ones included in the list or cite the same work several times.

  Clicking on the link below will take you to a more comprehensive guide and include examples of subsequent  references.

 

 

 

Please remember that there are many variations on the Oxford style of referencing. The examples presented in this guide are recommendations only. Always check your unit outline to determine any preferences. No matter which variations on this style you use, the most important thing is to be consistent throughout your assignment.

In-Text & Reference List Examples

Books & eBooks

Material Type

Footnote Example

Reference List Example

Book: Single Author

S. Ratnagar, Trading Encounters: From the Euphrates to the Indus in the Bronze Age, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 2004, p. 23.

Ratnagar, S., Trading Encounters: From the Euphrates to the Indus in the Bronze Age, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 2004.

Book: 2 or 3 Authors

1 A. Blackledge and A. Creese, Multilingualism: a Critical Perspective, London, Continuum, 2010, p. 10.  

Blackledge, A. and A. Creese, Multilingualism: a Critical Perspective, London, Continuum, 2010.   

Book: 4 or  more Authors

A. Kring, et al., Abnormal Psychology, 11th edn., Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, 2010, p. 40. 

Kring, A. et al.,  Abnormal Psychology, 11th edn., Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, 2010.  

Book: No Author

1 The Cambridge Companion to Postmodernism, Cambridge, U.K., Cambridge University Press, 2004, p. 70.

The Cambridge Companion to Postmodernism, Cambridge, U.K., Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Book: Editor

1 J.M. Foley (ed.), A Companion To Ancient Epic, Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell, 2009, pp. 25-26.

Foley, J.M. (ed.), A Companion To Ancient Epic, Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.

Book: Translator & Author

1 Y. Aralawa, Zen Painting, trans. J. Bester, Tokyo, Kodansha International, 1970, p. 75.

Arakawa, Y., Zen Painting, trans. J. Bester, Tokyo, Kodansha International, 1970.

Book: Organisation as Author

1 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Queensland Office, The Economic Status of Migrants in Australia, Canberra, Australian Govt. Pub. Service, 1990, p. 320.

Australian Bureau of Statistics, Queensland Office, The Economic Status of Migrants in Australia, Canberra, Australian Govt. Pub. Service, 1990.

Book: Chapter or Article in Edited Book

1 J. Baker, 'The Place of Science and Technology in the Wise Management of the Great Barrier Reef', in E. Wolanski (ed.), Oceanographic Processes of Coral Reefs: Physical and Biological Links in the Great Barrier Reef, Boca Raton, CRC Press, 2001, p. 15.

Baker, J., 'The Place of Science and Technology in the Wise Management of the Great Barrier Reef', in E. Wolanski(ed.), Oceanographic Processes of Coral Reefs: Physical and Biological Links in the Great Barrier Reef, Boca Raton, CRC Press, 2001, pp. 14-20.

Book, edition other than first.

1 M.J. Sargent, P. Nilan, and G. Winter, The New Sociology for Australians, 4th edn., Melbourne, Longman Australia, 1997, p. 140.

Sargent, M.J., P. Nilan and G. Winter, The New Sociology for Australians, 4th edn., Melbourne, Longman Australia, 1997.

E-book

1 V. Koller, Metaphor and Gender in Business Media Discourse: A Critical Cognitive Study, New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004, pp. 75-80. Available from: E-Book Library, (accessed 23 September 2010).

Koller, V., Metaphor and Gender in Business Media Discourse: A Critical Cognitive Study, New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Available from: E-Book Library, (accessed 23 September 2010).

E-book: Chapter or Article in an Edited E-book

1 D. Andrew, 'Time Zones and Jetlag: the Flows and Phases of World Cinema', in K. Newman (ed.), World Cinemas, Transnational Perspectives, New York, Routledge, 2009, pp. 89-90. Available from: E-Book Library, (accessed 6 May 2015).

Andrew, D., 'Time Zones and Jetlag: the Flows and Phases of World Cinema', in K. Newman (ed.), World Cinemas, Transnational Perspectives, New York, Routledge, 2009, pp. 59-90. Available from: E-Book Library, (accessed 6 May 2015).

Journal Articles

Material Type

Footnote Example

Reference List Example

Journal Article: single author (print)

1 S. Mintz, 'Food Enigmas, Colonial and Postcolonial', Gastronomica, vol. 10, no.1, 2010, p. 150.

Mintz, S., 'Food Enigmas, Colonial and Postcolonial', Gastronomica, vol. 10, no. 1, 2010, pp. 149-160.

Journal Article: 2 or 3 authors (print)

1 P. Addo and N. Besnier, 'When Gifts Become Commodities: Pawnshops, Valuables, and Shame in Tonga and the Tongan Diaspora', Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, vol. 14, no. 1, 2008, p. 39.

Addo, P. and N. Besnier, 'When Gifts Become Commodities: Pawnshops, Valuables, and Shame in Tonga and the Tongan Diaspora', Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, vol. 14, no. 1, 2008, pp. 39-50.

Journal Article: 4 or more authors (print) 

1 M. Spencer et al., 'Analyzing the Order of Items in Manuscripts of "the Canterbury Tales"', Computers and the Humanities, vol. 37, no. 1, 2003, p. 99

Spencer, M. et al., 'Analyzing the Order of Items in Manuscripts of "the Canterbury Tales"', Computers and the Humanities, vol. 37, no. 1, 2003, pp. 97-109.

Journal Article: Electronic Database

1 K. Toffoletti, 'How is Gender-based Violence Covered in the Sporting News? An Account of the Australian Football League Sex Scandal', Women's Studies International Forum, vol. 30, no. 5, 2007, p. 427. Available from ProQuest, (accessed 23 February 2010).

Toffoletti, K. 'How is Gender-based Violence Covered in the Sporting News? An Account of the Australian Football League Sex Scandal', Women's Studies International Forum, vol. 30, no. 5, 2007, p. 427. Available from ProQuest, (accessed 23 February 2010).

Journal Article: Website

1 K.R. Moore, 'Was Pythagoras Ever Really in Sparta?', Rosetta, no. 6 Spring, 2009, http://www.rosetta.bham.ac.uk, (accessed 10 September 2010).

Moore, K.R., 'Was Pythagoras Ever Really in Sparta?', Rosetta, no. 6 Spring, 2009, http://www.rosetta.bham.ac.uk, (accessed 10 September 2010).

Newspapers

Material Type

Footnote Example

Reference List Example

Newspaper article: print

1 R. Boyd, 'The City of Sordid Splendour', Australian, 26 August 1964, p. 10.

Boyd, R., 'The City of Sordid Splendour', Australian, 26 August 1964, p. 10.

Newspaper article: Electronic Database

1 K. Brooks, 'No Surprise in Big Bro Demise,' Courier-Mail, 16 July 2008, Available from Factiva, (accessed 3 March 2008).

Brooks, K., 'No Surprise in Big Bro Demise,' Courier-Mail, 16 July 2008, Available from Factiva, (accessed 3 March 2008).

Newspaper article: Website

1 S. Bredow, 'Powder to the People', Sydney Morning Herald, 7 June 2008, http://www.smh.com.au/news/ski/powder-to-the-people/2008/06/04/1212258872379.html, (accessed 3 March 2008).

Bredow, S., 'Powder to the People', Sydney Morning Herald, 7 June 2008, http://www.smh.com.au/news/ski/powder-to-the-people/2008/06/04/1212258872379.html, (accessed 3 March 2008).

Primary Sources

Material Type

Footnote Example

Reference List Example

Historical Sources

'George Dewell, Theft, Simple Larceny',  Proceedings of the Old Bailey Online, 16th February 1832, Ref No: t18320216-60, http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/index.jsp, (accessed 20 February 2010).

1 Lord Cathcart, Diary: Transcript, 1709-28. 16 vols. [A25-A40] National Library of Scotland.

'George Dewell, Theft, Simple Larceny',  Proceedings of the Old Bailey Online, 16th February 1832, Ref No: t18320216-60, http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/index.jsp, (accessed 20 February 2010). 

Cathcart, Lord C., Dairy: Transcript, 1709-28. 16 vols. [A25-A40] National Library of Scotland.

Thesis

Material Type

Footnote Example

Reference List Example

Thesis   

1 C. Maslem, 'Melancholic Identification and Nostalgic Fantasy in the Novels of Jean Rhys', PhD Thesis, University of Western Australia, 2005, p. 55.

Malsem, C., 'Melancholic Identification and Nostalgic Fantasy in the Novels of Jean Rhys', PhD Thesis, University of Western Australia, 2005.

Internet/Websites

Material Type

Footnote Example

Reference List Example

Website

1 B. Dibble and B. Milech, Elizabeth Jolley Research Collection,[website], 2008, http://john.curtin.edu.au/jolley/index.html,  (accessed 1 August 2010).

  Dibble, B. and B. Milech, Elizabeth Jolley Research Collection,[website], 2008, http://john.curtin.edu.au/jolley/index.html,  (accessed 1 August 2010). 

 Blog

1 E. Woodbury, 'Manga Circulation in Japan', Ooburoshiki, [web blog], 1 February 2010, http://eugenewoodbury.blogspot.com/2010/02/manga-circulation-in-japan.html, (accessed 19 January 2010).

Woodbury, E., 'Manga Circulation in Japan', Ooburoshiki, [web blog], 1 February 2010, http://eugenewoodbury.blogspot.com/2010/02/manga-circulation-in-japan.html, (accessed 19 January 2010).  

Digital Image

 1 R. Leighton, Surf Sirens, Manly Beach, New South Wales, 1938-46 [online photograph], http://nla.gov.au/nla.pic-an14035743-4, (accessed 12 June 2010).

Leighton, R., Surf Sirens, Manly Beach, New South Wales, 1938-46 [online photograph], http://nla.gov.au/nla.pic-an14035743-4, (accessed 12 June 2010).  

Multimedia/Audio-Visual

Material Type

Footnote Example

Reference List Example

Film or broadcast

1 The Red Badge of Courage, dir. John Huston, USA, MGM, 1951, [videocassette].

The Red Badge of Courage, dir. Huston, J., USA, MGM, 1951, [videocassette]. 

Web Video

1 An Occasionally Accurate History of Australia: Part I, [online video], 2006, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IJjNsCVHc34, (accessed 6 October 2010).

An Occasionally Accurate History of Australia: Part I, [online video], 2006, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IJjNsCVHc34, (accessed 6 October 2010).

Podcast

 

1 'Fungi and Mould', The Health Report, [podcast], ABC Radio National,1999, http://www.abc.net.au/m/healthreport/stories/1999/48140.htm, (accessed 10 March 2003).

 

'Fungi and Mould', The Health Report, [podcast],  ABC Radio National, 1999, http://www.abc.net.au/m/healthreport/stories/1999/48140.htm, (accessed 10 March 2003).

Oral Histories

Material Type

Footnote Example

Reference List Example

Interview

1 John Edgar Maloney, interviewed by John Ferrell, 2004, John Curtin Prime Ministerial Library, Perth, JCMPL00897/3.

Maloney, J.E., interviewed by John Ferrell, 2004, John Curtin Prime Ministerial Library, Perth, JCMPL00897/3.

Conference Proceedings

Material Type

Footnote Example

Reference List Example

Conference Proceeding

1 G. Kozicz, 'Architecture of the Empty Shells of Nyar ma', Discoveries in Western Tibet and the Western Himalayas: Essays on History, Literature, Archaeology and Art: PIATS 2003, Tibetan Studies, Proceedings of the Tenth Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2006, pp. 41-42.

Kozicz, G., 'Architecture of the Empty Shells of Nyar ma', Discoveries in Western Tibet and the Western Himalayas: Essays on History, Literature, Archaeology and Art: PIATS 2003, Tibetan Studies, Proceedings of the Tenth Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2006, pp. 41-54.

Citing Information Someone Else has Cited

Material Type

Footnote Example

Reference List Example

Citing information someone else has cited [citing "secondary" sources]

10 A. Smith, Italian architecture, Penguin, Melbourne, 2000, cited in D. Brown, Renaissance Italy, London, Faber and Faber, 2002, p. 45.

In the reference list provide the details of the author who has done the citing:

Brown, D., Renaissance Italy, London, Faber and Faber, 2002, p. 45.

Cases and Legislation

Material Type

Footnote Example

Reference List Example

Legislation Trustees Act 1962 (WA) s90 Trustees Act 1962 (WA) s90
Cases 7 DPP (WA) v Silbert, 2000, 112, A Crim R, 88 7 DPP (WA) v Silbert, 2000, 112, A Crim R, 88
Bills Corporations Amendment Bill No 1 2005 (Cth) Corporations Amendment Bill (No 1) 2005 (Cth).